HomeZope Page 4 - Plone Content Types With Archetypes
Validators - Zope
Plone is an excellent content management system. You will probably find everything you need in the system itself, or from third party content types. If you don't, however, it is very easy to create your own content types, as this article will explain.
A problem with our Quotation product is that people can enter anything they want when creating a new object. For example, I could set the speaker of the quotation to “Benj4min Frankl1n”, which is unrealistic. Because of this, it might be a good idea to restrict what the user can enter as the speaker.
We can restrict what a use can enter by using things called validators. When a user submits data, any validators attached to that field are run. They look at the information submitted and make sure that everything is valid. If it is, the data is accepted. If it's not valid, then an error is returned.
There is more than one way to create a validator, but, in my opinion, the easiest is to create one out of the RegexValidator class. It accepts a regular expression, and it matches the value of any associated fields with the regular expression. In our example, we want to make sure that there are no numbers in the speaker's name. Add this code to your __init__.py file:
def initialize(context): from Products.validation.validators.RegexValidator import RegexValidator from Products.validation import validation validation.register(RegexValidator('isValidSpeaker', r'\A\D*\Z', errmsg = ' contains irregular characters.'))
This registers our validator under the name of “isValidSpeaker” so that we can attach it to any field we'd like. Note that the registration of our validator must come before everything else in initialize. Modify the schema variable in Quotation.py and assign our validator to the field containing the speaker's name:
Restart Zope and reinstall the product. Try to create a quotation with numbers in the speaker's name and examine what happens.
What's covered in this article is not, of course, all there is to Archetypes. Archetypes contains a lot more features—fields, widgets, built-in validators and many more interesting things. However, from what's been covered, I think it's pretty safe to conclude quite a few things about Archetypes.
Archetypes is a utility that allows developers to create Plone products very easily. A schema is created and put into a class. The schema contains fields which content types are built around. A __init__.py file is then created, along with an installation script. Archetypes then does its magic, generating interfaces for modifying and viewing objects. Using this process, a developer can create a simple content type with just a few lines of Python code.