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Chasing Liberty - PHP

The Google Web APIs allow developers to build SOAP-basedapplications driven off Google's unique indexing and searchcapabilities. And since there are now quite a few PHP classes designedfor SOAP transactions over HTTP, integrating the two has never beensimpler. This article explains how.

  1. Using The Google Web APIs With PHP
  2. Remote Control
  3. The Bare Necessities
  4. Plugging In
  5. Chasing Liberty
  6. The Sum Of All Parts
  7. Cache Cow
  8. Alternatives
  9. Closing Time
By: Harish Kamath, (c) Melonfire
Rating: starstarstarstarstar / 31
July 16, 2002

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If you take a close look at the output of the previous example, you'll see that the call to doGoogleSearch() results in a PHP associative array containing a series of result elements, together with some statistics on the search itself. It's extremely simple to use this array to create an HTML page containing a properly-formatted list of matches to the query term. Here's an example:

<html> <head><basefont face="Arial"></head> <body> <?php // include the class include("nusoap.php"); // create a instance of the SOAP client object $soapclient = new soapclient("http://api.google.com/search/beta2"); // uncomment the next line to see debug messages // $soapclient->debug_flag = 1; // set up an array containing input parameters to be // passed to the remote procedure $params = array( 'key' => 'your-google-license-key-xxxxxxxx', // Google license key 'q' => 'liberty equality fraternity', // search term 'start' => 0, // start from result n 'maxResults' => 10, // show a total of n results 'filter' => true, // remove similar results 'restrict' => '', // restrict by topic 'safeSearch' => true, // remove adult links 'lr' => 'lang_en|lang_fr', // restrict by language 'ie' => '', // input encoding 'oe' => '' // output encoding ); // invoke the method on the server $result = $soapclient->call("doGoogleSearch", $params, "urn:GoogleSearch", "urn:GoogleSearch"); // print the results of the search // if error, show error if ($result['faultstring']) { ?> <h2>Error</h2> <? echo $result['faultstring'];?> <? } else { // else show list of matches with links ?> <h2>Search Results</h2> Your search for <b><?=$result['searchQuery']?></b> produced <?=$result['estimatedTotalResultsCount']?> hits. <br> <ul> <? if (is_array($result['resultElements'])) { foreach ($result['resultElements'] as $r) { echo "<li><a href=" . $r['URL'] . ">" . $r['title'] . "</a>"; echo "<br>"; echo $r['snippet'] . "(" . $r['cachedSize'] . ")"; echo "<p>"; } } ?> </ul> <? } ?> </body> </html>
Most of this is identical to what you saw in the previous example, except that, this time, instead of just dumping the result array to the screen, I've used a "foreach" loop to iterate through it and display the matches as items in a bulleted list. Note how the various keys of the SOAP response array can be used to build the list of matching Web pages, with descriptions and URLs.

In the event that the procedure generates an error on the server, the response array will contain a SOAP fault. It's generally considered good programming practice to check for this and handle it appropriately - you'll see that I've done this in the script above.

>>> More PHP Articles          >>> More By Harish Kamath, (c) Melonfire

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