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Building An Index - PHP

Need to create or manipulate a TAR file through your Web browser? Take a look at the PEAR Archive_Tar class, which exposes a simple, yet extremely powerful, API to perform manipulation of TAR and TGZ archives through a PHP script. Possible applications include a TAR file viewer and a Web-based backup utility.

  1. TAR File Management With PHP Archive_Tar
  2. Back To Basics
  3. Zip Zap Zoom
  4. Adding It All Up
  5. Building An Index
  6. In And Out
  7. X-Ray Vision
  8. ... And Packing Up
By: The Disenchanted Developer, (c) Melonfire
Rating: starstarstarstarstar / 41
July 17, 2003

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You can obtain a list of all the files in a TAR archive with the Archive_Tar object's listContents() method, which returns an array of arrays containing detailed information on the contents of the archive. Each element of the returned array represents a file in the source archive, each element is itself structured as an associative array of key-value pairs containing details on the file name and path (key "filename"), size ("size"), owner and group ID ("uid" and "gid"), permissions ("fileperms"), last modification time ("mtime") and whether the entry is a file or directory ("type").

Consider the following example, which demonstrates by using the
listContents() method to obtain a list of all the files within a TAR file, together with their size and last modification times:


// include class

// create tar file
$tar = new Archive_Tar("data.tar");

// read and print tar file contents
if (($arr = $tar->listContent()) != 0)
foreach ($arr as $a)
echo $a['filename'] . ", " . $a['size'] . " bytes, last modified on " . date("Y-m-d", $a['mtime']) . "\r\n";


Here's an example of the output:

scripts/pear.bat, 1570 bytes, last modified on 2002-04-09 scripts/pear.in, 6145 bytes, last modified on 2002-04-09 scripts/pearize.in, 4549 bytes, last modified on 2002-01-31 scripts/pearwin.php, 7507 bytes, last modified on 2002-02-20 scripts/php-config.in, 511 bytes, last modified on 2001-08-13 scripts/phpextdist, 620 bytes, last modified on 2001-01-10 scripts/phpize.in, 727 bytes, last modified on 2002-04-17 scripts/phptar.in, 5322 bytes, last modified on 2001-09-28 scripts/test2.php, 487 bytes, last modified on 2002-09-28

>>> More PHP Articles          >>> More By The Disenchanted Developer, (c) Melonfire

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