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Manipulating database records using the improved version of the MySQL class - PHP

In this group of articles you’ll be provided with an approachable guide to building a database accessing class that will use the programming model imposed by the active record pattern for performing raw CRUD operations on a group of selected MySQL tables, and for fetching database records by using the WHERE, LIKE and LIMIT clauses as well. This is the sixth part of a seven-part series.

  1. Refactoring the MySQL Abstraction Class with the Active Record Pattern
  2. Refactoring the MySQL sample class: modifying methods that perform CRUD operations
  3. Completing the refactoring process of the MySQL abstraction class
  4. Manipulating database records using the improved version of the MySQL class
By: Alejandro Gervasio
Rating: starstarstarstarstar / 4
April 07, 2009

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Without a doubt, the best way to test the improved version of the “MySQL” class is by means of a hands-on example that permits us to see how it actually functions. Therefore, below I included a short code sample that shows how to use the class for performing a few CRUD tasks and conditional queries against a sample “users” MySQL table. Here you have it:


// connect to MySQL and select a database

$db=new MySQL('host','user','password','mydatabase');

// insert new row


// update row


// delete row


// display all users


foreach($result as $row){

echo $row['firstname'].' '.$row['lastname'].' '.$row['email'].'<br />';


// display users where ID > 5


foreach($result as $row){

echo $row['firstname'].' '.$row['lastname'].' '.$row['email'].'<br />';


// display users where first name contains the 'a' character


foreach($result as $row){

echo $row['firstname'].' '.$row['lastname'].' '.$row['email'].'<br />';


// display users with the LIMIT clause


foreach($result as $row){

echo $row['firstname'].' '.$row['lastname'].' '.$row['email'].'<br />';



catch(Exception $e){

echo $e->getMessage();



Hopefully, the previous code sample should give you a clear idea of how simple it is to use the “MySQL” class for executing some typical queries against a specific MySQL table. Of course, one of the most important things to note here is the class’s ability to perform all of these operations via a friendly interface, and best of all, without having to write additional SQL statements.

Lastly, as usual with many of my articles on PHP web development, feel free to tweak all of the code samples shown in this tutorial, so you can acquire a better background in accessing MySQL databases with the active record pattern.

Final thoughts

In this sixth installment of the series, I explained how to refactor some methods that belong to the previous “MySQL” abstraction class to implement them a bit more efficiently and avoid needing to use redundant MySQL-related functions.

This educational journey isn't finished yet, however, since there’s a final chapter ahead of us. It will be entirely focused on explaining how to adapt the signature of the pertinent MySQL class for working with the “mysqli” PHP extension.

Want to learn how this migration process will be achieved? Then don’t miss the last tutorial!

>>> More PHP Articles          >>> More By Alejandro Gervasio

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