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Getting the "TemplateProcessor" class completed: defining the remaining class methods - PHP

This is the first part of a three-part series that covers separating logic from presentation in PHP applications. In this article you will learn to develop a template system that is advanced enough to meet the requirements of a majority of applications.

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. Developing an Extensible Template Processor in PHP 5
  2. Getting started: defining the basic structure of the template processor
  3. Assembling the template system: coding the "TemplateProcessor" class
  4. Coding the workhorse of the class: defining the "processTemplate()" method
  5. Getting the "TemplateProcessor" class completed: defining the remaining class methods
By: Alejandro Gervasio
Rating: starstarstarstarstar / 8
May 02, 2006

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Having explained in detail the way the "processTemplate()" method does its thing, the remaining methods are much more comprehensible. So relax and have a look at the private "readCache()" and "writeCache()" methods, which not surprisingly read from and save the web page to the cache file, after parsing the template file in question:

private function writeCache(){
    if(!$fp=fopen($this->cacheFile,'w')){
        throw new Exception('Error writing data to cache file');
    }
    fwrite($fp,$this->getCompressedHTML());
    fclose($fp);
}
private function readCache(){
    if(!$cacheContents=file_get_contents($this->cacheFile)){
        throw new Exception('Error reading data from cache
file');
    }
    return $cacheContents;
}

As illustrated above, these two methods are invoked internally by the class, in order to read and write respectively the parsed web page. Also, notice that the entire read-write sequence is performed on compressed page contents, since the first time (and certainly the subsequent ones) that contents are saved to the cache file, the class encodes the data by calling the "getCompressedHTML()" method.

By the way, now that I mentioned this method, below you can see its signature:

private function getCompressedHTML(){
    // check if browser supports gzip encoding
    if(strstr($_SERVER['HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING'],'gzip')){
        // start output buffer
        ob_start();
        // echo page contents to output buffer
        echo $this->output;
        // crunch (X)HTML content & compress it with gzip
        $this->output=gzencode(preg_replace("/
(rn|n)/","",ob_get_contents()),9);
        // clean up output buffer
        ob_end_clean();
        // return compressed (X)HTML content
        return $this->output;
    }
    return false;
}

What this method does essentially is use "Gzip" encoding for compressing the parsed web page, which is fetched either from the cache file, or after being parsed at runtime. In this method, I used the PHP built-in "gzencode()" function, in order to encode the whole web page and return the compressed contents to calling code. Additionally, new line characters are removed from the page, something that can be effective for reducing the size of the parsed web document.

Fine, there's still a couple of simple methods that you need to learn, in order to complete the "TemplateProcessor" class. Below, there are the definitions of the "getHTML()" and "sendEncodingHeader()" methods, respectively:

public function getHTML(){
    return $this->output;
}

public function sendEncodingHeader(){
    header('Content-Encoding: gzip');
}

These two methods are really simple ones. The first returns the whole (X)HTML output to calling code, after parsing the template file and replacing placeholders with real data. The second method is responsible for sending the proper "Content-Encoding: gzip" http header, in order to allow the transference of encoded data.

Okay, the two methods shown above finally complete the definition of the "TemplateProcessor" class. Considering that you may want to see how the entire class looks, I listed its full source code below:

class TemplateProcessor {
    private $output='';// set default value for general class
output
    private $rowTag='p';// set default value for database row tag
    private $tags=array();// set default value for tags
    private $templateFile='default_template.htm';// set default
value for template file
    private $cacheFile='default_cache.txt';// set default value
for cache file
    private $expiry=3600;// set default value for cache
expiration
    public function __construct($tags=array()){
        if(count($tags)<1){
            throw new Exception('Invalid number of tags');
        }
        if($this->isCacheValid()){
            // read data from cache file
            $this->output=$this->readCache();
        }
        else{
            $this->tags=$tags;
            // read template file
            $this->output=file_get_contents($this->templateFile);
            // process template file
            $this->processTemplate($this->tags);
            // clean up empty tags
            $this->output=preg_replace("/{w}|}/",'',$this-
>output);
            // write compressed data to cache file
            $this->writeCache();
        }
        // send gzip encoding http header
        $this->sendEncodingHeader();
    }
    // check cache validity
    private function isCacheValid(){
        // determine if cache file is valid or not
        if(file_exists($this->cacheFile)&&filemtime($this-
>cacheFile)>(time()-$this->expiry)){
            return true;
        }
        return false;
    }
    // process template file
    private function processTemplate($tags){
        foreach($tags as $tag=>$data){
            // if data is array, traverse recursive array of tags
            if(is_array($data)){
                $this->output=preg_replace("/{$tag/",'',$this-
>output);
                $this->processTemplate($data);
            }
            // if data is a file, fetch processed file
            elseif(file_exists($data)){
                $data=$this->processFile($data);
            }
            // if data is a MySQL result set, obtain a formatted
list of database rows
            elseif(@get_resource_type($data)=='mysql result'){
                $rows='';
                while($row=mysql_fetch_row($data)){
                    $cols='';
                    foreach($row as $col){
                        $cols.='&nbsp;'.$col.'&nbsp;';
                    }
                    $rows.='<'.$this-
>rowTag.'>'.$cols.'</'.$this->rowTag.'>';
                }
                $data=$rows;
            }
            // if data contains the '[code]' elimiter, parse data
as PHP code
            elseif(substr($data,0,6)=='[code]'){
                $data=eval(substr($data,6));
            }
            $this->output=str_replace('{'.$tag.'}',$data,$this-
>output);
        }
    }
    // process input file
    private function processFile($file){
          ob_start();
          include($file);
          $contents=ob_get_contents();
          ob_end_clean();
          return $contents;
    }
    // write compressed data to cache file
    private function writeCache(){
        if(!$fp=fopen($this->cacheFile,'w')){
            throw new Exception('Error writing data to cache
file');
        }
        fwrite($fp,$this->getCompressedHTML());
        fclose($fp);
    }
    // read compressed data from cache file
    private function readCache(){
        if(!$cacheContents=file_get_contents($this->cacheFile)){
            throw new Exception('Error reading data from cache
file');
        }
        return $cacheContents;
    }
    // return overall output
    public function getHTML(){
          return $this->output;
    }
    // return compressed output
    private function getCompressedHTML(){
        // check if browser supports gzip encoding
        if(strstr($_SERVER['HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING'],'gzip')){
            // start output buffer
            ob_start();
            // echo page contents to output buffer
            echo $this->output;
            // crunch (X)HTML content & compress it with gzip
            $this->output=gzencode(preg_replace("/
(rn|n)/","",ob_get_contents()),9);
            // clean up output buffer
            ob_end_clean();
            // return compressed (X)HTML content
            return $this->output;
        }
        return false;
    }
    // send gzip encoding http header
    public function sendEncodingHeader(){
        header('Content-Encoding: gzip');
    }
}

That's the full source code of my "TemplateProcessor" class. Now that I assembled all the previous methods within the class structure, you can see how each piece of code fits with each other piece. However, if you want to test (and tweak) the class, you can download a sample ZIP file, which contains all the supporting files required to get the class working. You can use this link or the one at the beginning of the article.

Bottom line

That's all for the moment. Over this first article I went through the development of an extensible template processing class in PHP 5 that exposes some interesting features, such as recursive placeholders replacement, processing of PHP files and MySQL datasets, and so forth.

In the next part of the series, I'll set up a step-by-step example that will show you how to use the "TemplateProcessor" class with different input tags. See you in the next part!



 
 
>>> More PHP Articles          >>> More By Alejandro Gervasio
 

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