As Web applications become more and more complex, cleverdevelopers can use application-level caching to improve the performanceof their PHP scripts. This article shows you how, discussing the PEARCache_Lite class with examples that illustrate how it can be used in alive environment.
When implementing a cache for your Web page, the first step is, obviously, to include the Cache_Lite class
// include the package
You can either provide an absolute path to this file, or do what most lazy programmers do - include the path to your PEAR installation in PHP's "include_path" variable, so that you can access any of the PEAR classes without needing to type in long, convoluted file paths.
The Cache_Lite object can support multiple caches simultaneously, so long as every cache created has a unique identifier. In this case, I've used the identifier "starwars" to uniquely distinguish the cache I'll be using.
// set an ID for this cache
$id = "starwars";
Next, an object of the Cache_Lite class needs to be initialized, and assigned to a PHP variable.
// create a Cache_Lite object
$objCache = new Cache_Lite($options);
This variable, $objCache, now serves as the control point for cache manipulation.
The constructor of the Cache_Lite class can be provided with an associative array containing configuration parameters; these parameters allow you to customize the behaviour of the cache. In the example above, this array contains two parameters, "cacheDir", which specifies the directory used by the cache, and "lifeTime", which specifies the period for which data should be cached, in seconds.
// set some variables
$options = array(
"cacheDir" => "cache/",
"lifeTime" => 50
Note that the directory specified must already exist, or else the cache will simply not work.
Once an instance of the Cache_Lite object has been created, the business logic to use it becomes fairly simple. The first step is to check if the required data already exists in the cache. If it doesn't, it should be generated from the original data source, and a copy saved to the cache for future use. If it does, you can do something useful with it - write it to a file, pipe it to an external program or - as I've done here - simply output it to the screen for all to admire.
// test if there exists a valid cache
if ($quote = $objCache->get($id))
// if so, display it
// add a message indicating this is cached output
echo " [cached]";
// no cached data
// implies this data has not been requested in last cache lifetime
// so obtain it and display it
$quote = "Do, or do not. There is no try. -- Yoda, Star Wars";
// also save it in the cache for future use
Most of this logic is accomplished via the get() and save() methods of the Cache_Lite object. The get() method checks to see if the data exists in the cache and returns it if so, while the save() method saves data to the cache. The save() method accepts the data to be saved, together with a unique identifier, as input arguments; the get() method uses this identifier to find and retrieve the cached data.
The steps above make up a fairly standard process for using the Cache_Lite class, and you'll see them being repeated over and over again in subsequent examples as well.