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PLW-05004: identifier string is also declared in STANDARD or is a SQL built-in - Oracle

In this fourth part of a nine-part series on managing PL/SQL code, you will learn about the compile-time warnings that were introduced in Oracle Database 10g Release 1. This article is excerpted from chapter 20 of the book Oracle PL/SQL Programming, Fourth Edition, written by Steven Feuerstein and Bill Pribyl (O'Reilly; ISBN: 0596009771). Copyright © 2006 O'Reilly Media, Inc. All rights reserved. Used with permission from the publisher. Available from booksellers or direct from O'Reilly Media.

  1. Compile-Time Warnings for Oracle DB 10g
  2. PLW-05001: previous use of 'string' (at line string) conflicts with this use
  3. PLW-05004: identifier string is also declared in STANDARD or is a SQL built-in
  4. PLW-05005: function string returns without value at line string
By: O'Reilly Media
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November 08, 2007

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Many PL/SQL developers are unaware of the STANDARD package, and its implications for their PL/SQL code. For example, it is common to find programmers who assume that names like INTEGER and TO_CHAR are reserved words in the PL/SQL language. That is not the case. They are, respectively, a datatype and a function declared in the STANDARD package.

STANDARD is one of the two default packages of PL/SQL (the other is DBMS_STANDARD). Because STANDARD is a default package, you do not need to qualify references to datatypes like INTEGER, NUMBER, PLS_INTEGER, etc., with “STANDARD”—but you could, if you so desired.

PLW-5004 notifies you if you happen to have declared an identifier with the same name as an element in STANDARD (or a SQL built-in; most built-ins—but not all—are declared in STANDARD).

Consider this procedure definition:

 2 IS
 6    IS
 7    BEGIN
 8       INTEGER := 10;
 9    END TO_CHAR;
 11    TO_CHAR;
 12 * END plw5004;

Compile-time warnings for this procedure will display as follows:

  -------- ---------------------------------
  3/4      PLW-05004: identifier INTEGER is
           also declared in STANDARD or is a
           SQL builtin
  5/14     PLW-05004: identifier TO_CHAR is
           also declared in STANDARD or is a
           SQL builtin

You should avoid reusing the names of elements defined in the STANDARD package unless you have a very specific reason to do so.

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