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Testing MySQL - MySQL

If you ever wanted to start using the open source MySQL server application on your computer, this article is for you. It will show you how to obtain, install, configure, and test the MySQL server on your system, whether you are running UNIX or Windows. It is excerpted from My SQL The Complete Reference by Vikram Vaswani (McGraw-Hill/Osborne, 2003; ISBN: 0072224770).

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. MySQL Configuration and Installation
  2. Installing and Configuring MySQL on UNIX
  3. Installing MySQL on UNIX from a Binary Tarball Distribution
  4. Installing MySQL on UNIX from a Source Distribution
  5. Installing and Configuring MySQL on Windows
  6. Installing MySQL on Windows from a Source Distribution
  7. Testing MySQL
By: McGraw-Hill/Osborne
Rating: starstarstarstarstar / 88
June 02, 2005

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After MySQL has been successfully installed, the base tables have been initialized, and the server has been started, you can verify that all is working as it should via some simple tests.

Note that all these commands should be run from your UNIX or Windows command prompt. I am assuming here that you are running them from your MySQL installation directory (as per the examples in the section “Installing and Configuring MySQL,” this will be either /usr/local/mysql in UNIX or c:\program files\ mysql in Windows).

Use the mysqladmin Utility to Obtain Server Status

The mysqladmin utility is usually located in the bin subdirectory of your MySQL installation. You can execute it by changing to that directory and executing the following command:

  [root@host]# mysqladmin version

You should see something resembling the output shown in Figure 3-22.


Figure 3-22.  The output of a call to mysqladmin

Connect to the Server Using the MySQL Client, and Execute Simple SQL Commands

The MySQL client that ships with the MySQL distribution is named, funnily enough, mysql. Fire it up from your command prompt by switching to the bin directory of your MySQL installation and typing

  [root@host]# mysql

You should be rewarded with a mysql> prompt. At this point, you are connected to the MySQL server and can begin executing SQL commands or queries. Here are a few examples, with their output:

mysql> SHOW DATABASES;
+----------
+
| Database |
+----------+
| mysql |
| test |
+----------+
2 rows in set (0.13 sec)

mysql> USE mysql;
Reading table information for completion of table and column names You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A Database changed

mysql> SHOW TABLES;
+-----------------+
| Tables_in_mysql |
+-----------------+
| columns_priv    | 
| db              | 
| func            | 
| host            | 
| tables_priv     | 
| user            |
+-----------------+
6 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM user;
+----------
+
| count(*) |
+----------+
|        4 |
+----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

Post-Installation Steps

Once testing is complete, you should perform two more tasks to complete your MySQL installation:

Alter the MySQL root Password

When MySQL is first installed, access to the database server is restricted to the MySQL administrator, aka root. By default, this user is initialized with a null password, which is generally considered a Bad Thing. You should therefore rectify this as soon as possible by setting a password for this user via the included mysqladmin utility, using the following syntax in UNIX

  [root@host]# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root
  password ' <new-password>'
  C:\>
c:\program files\mysql\bin\mysqladmin -u root
  password ' <new-password>'

This password change goes into effect immediately, with no requirement to restart the server or flush the privilege table.


Note The MySQL root user is not the same as the system root user on UNIX.

Configure MySQL to Start Automatically When the System Boots up

On UNIX, MySQL comes with a startup/shutdown script, which is the recommended way of starting and stopping the MySQL database server. This script, named mysql.server, is available in the support-files subdirectory of your MySQL installation, and it can be invoked as follows:

[root@host]# /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server start
[root@host]#
/usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server stop

To have MySQL start automatically at boot time, you simply need to copy this script to the /etc/init.d/* directory hierarchy of your system, and then you can invoke it with appropriate parameters from your system’s bootup and shutdown scripts.

To start MySQL automatically on Windows, you can simply add a link to the mysqld server binary to your Startup group. For more information, please refer to Chapter 13.

With a Little Help from My Friends…

In case you have problems starting the MySQL server, you can obtain fairly detailed information on what went wrong by looking at the MySQL error log. Most often, this log can be found in the var subdirectory of your MySQL installation, and it is named hostname.err. Other common problems, such as a forgotten superuser password or incorrect path settings, can also be discovered and resolved via a close study of this error log. You can also visit the following resources for advice on how to resolve problems you may encounter during the installation process:

  • The MySQL manual http://www.mysql.com/documentation
  • The MySQL mailing lists http://lists.mysql.com
  • Google http://www.google.com
  • Google Groups http://groups.google.com

If you’re reporting a problem or a bug, remember to use the supplied mysqlbug script to gather necessary system information and include it in your report  

Summary

As a popular open-source application, MySQL is available for a wide variety of platforms and architectures, in both binary and source form. This chapter explained the distinction among the different versions of MySQL, together with recommendations on the most appropriate version for your requirements; it also demonstrated the process of installing MySQL on the two most common platforms, Linux and Windows. It provided installation and configuration instructions for both binary and source distributions and also provided pointers to online resources for other platforms and for detailed troubleshooting advice and assistance.



 
 
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