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Defining Taglib Directives - Java

This chapter gently introduces the JavaServer Faces technology. More importantly, it teaches you how to write your first JSF application to get a feel for how this great technology works.  In addition to the sample chapters, this chapter prepares you for the next chapters by introducing the JSF Application Programming Interface (API) and the Application Configuration file. This excerpt comes from chapter two of JavaServer Faces Programming, by Budi Kurniawan (McGraw-Hill/Osborne, ISBN 0-07-222983-7, 2004).

  1. Introduction to JavaServer Faces, Part 1
  2. Understanding the Request Processing Lifecycle Phases
  3. Using an Application Configuration File
  4. Writing a JSF Application
  5. Writing JavaBeans and Event Listeners
  6. Creating the Event Listener and Component Tree Example
  7. Creating the Directory Structure
  8. Writing the Object Model for the Listener and Component Tree Example
  9. Defining Taglib Directives
By: McGraw-Hill/Osborne
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March 08, 2004

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First, you define two taglib directives to use the two JSF tag libraries: HTML and Core. The tag library descriptors for these two libraries can be found in the jsf-ri.jar file, so you do not need to worry about them. The prefix for the HTML tag library is h, and the prefix for the Core tag library is f.

<%@ taglib uri="http://java.sun.com/jsf/html" prefix="h" %>
<%@ taglib uri="http://java.sun.com/jsf/core" prefix="f" %>

<%@ taglib uri="http://java.sun.com/jsf/html" prefix="h" %><%@ taglib uri="http://java.sun.com/jsf/core" prefix="f" %>Next are the JSF controls. Note that JSF controls must be enclosed in the opening and closing elements:


Inside these elements, you have a form:

</f:use_faces><f:use_faces> <h:form formName=''addForm">
<h:form formName="

Nested inside the form are two input_number controls, an output_number control, and a command_button control.

<br/>First Number:
<h:input_number id="firstNumber"
<br/>Second Number:
<h:input_number id="secondNumber"
<h:output_number id="output" valueRef="NumberBean.result"/>
<h:command_button id="submitButton" label="Add"
="submit" >
<f:action_listener type="ch02a.MyActionListener" />

Notice the ActionListener for the command button.

The component tree

Figure 5
The component tree of the adder.jsp page

Conceptually, the component tree for this JSP page is depicted in Figure 5, with the root omitted. The main component is the form, and the form has four child components.

Buy this book now!Remember: This is part one of the second chapter of JavaServer Faces Programming, by Budi Kurniawan (McGraw-Hill/Osborne, ISBN 0-07-222983). Stay tuned for part 2 of "Introduction to JavaServer Faces," where we learn about JSP, JavaBeans, and Model 2. 
Buy this book!

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