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A Glimpse Of Adapters In Java - Java

With the skills that you have developed so far from Part I of the tutorial, you can design a graphical user interface with beauty and easy. Let us refresh ourselves before we proceed, Events are method calls that Javas windowing system performs whenever any element of a user interface is manipulated.

TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. Event Handling In Java Part II
  2. Explicit-Event Handling
  3. Open The Window And Inhale Java In The Air
  4. Easy Steps For Coding
  5. A Glimpse Of Adapters In Java
  6. Preparing to Launch Our Java Applet And Handle Events
By: Gayathri Gokul
Rating: starstarstarstarstar / 23
September 15, 2003

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Adapter Classes:

Java provides us with adapter classes that implement the corresponding listener interfaces containing one or more methods. The methods in these classes are empty. The Listener class that you define can extend the Adapter class and override the methods that you need. The adapter class used for WindowListener interface is the WindowAdapter class.

So you can simplify the above code (example 2) using Adapter class in the following manner:

Example 3:Save as MyFrames.java and complie.
Import java.awt.*;
Import java.awt.event.*;
Class MyFrames extends frame
{
Public static void main(String arg[])
{
MyFrames f = new MyFrames();
}
//constructor of the Frame derived class
Public MyFrames
{
//Register the Listener for the window
super(“The Window Adapter Sample”);
MyWindowListener mlisten = new MyWindowListener();
addWindowListener(mlisten);
setVisible(true);
}
}
Class MyWindowListener extends WindowAdapter
{
//event handler for windows closing event
Public void windowClosing(WindowEvent we)
{
MyFrames f;
f = (MyFrames)we.getSource();
f.dispose();
System.exit(0);
}
}
The Following is a list of Adapter classes and Listener Interfaces In Java:
Event CategoryInterface Name Adapter Name Method
Window            Window Listener      Window Adapter      Void windowClosing (WindowEvent e)
Void windowOpened (WindowEvent e)
Void windowActivated (WindowEvent e)
Void windowDeactivated (WindowEvent e)
Void windowClosed (WindowEvent e)
Void windowIconified (WindowEvent e)
Void windowDeiconified (WindowEvent e)
ActionActionListener Void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e)
ItemItemListener Void itemStateChanged(ItemEvent e)
Mouse Motion MouseMotionListener MouseMotionAdapter Void mouseDragged(MouseEvent e)
Void mouseMoved(MouseEvent e)
Mouse Button    MouseListener     MouseAdapter    Void mousePressed(MouseEvent e)
Void mouseReleased(MouseEvent e)
Void mouseEntered(MouseEvent e)
Void mouseClicked(MouseEvent e)
Void mouseExited(MouseEvent e)
Key  KeyListener  KeyAdapter  Void keyPressed(KeyEvent e)
Void keyReleased(KeyEvent e)
Void keyTyped(KeyEvent e)
Focus FocusListener   Void focusGained(FocusEvent e)
Void focusLost(FocusEvent e)
Component   ComponentListener   ComponentAdapter   Void componentMoved(ComponentEvent e)
Void componentResized(ComponentEvent e)
Void componentHidden(ComponentEvent e)
Void componentShown(ComponentEvent e)
{mospagebreak title=Dissecting Java As Far As Inner Classes} Inner Classes:

Inner classes are classes that are declared within other classes. They are also knows as nested classes and provide additional clarity to the program. The scope of the inner class is limited to the class that encloses it. The object of the inner class can access the members of the outer class. While the outer class can access the members of the inner class through an object of the inner class.

Syntax:
 class 
{
class 
{
}
//other attributes and methods
}
Example: 4 Save as MyFrame.java then compile and excute the program.
Import java.awt.*;
Import java.awt.event.*;
Class MyFrame extends Frame
{
//inner class declaration
class MyWindowListener extends MyAdapter
{
//event handler for windows closing event
Public void windowClosing(WindowEvent w)
{
MyFrame frm;
frm = (MyFrames)w.getSource();
frm.dispose();
System.exit(0);
}
Public static void main(String arg[])
{
MyFrame frm = new MyFrame();
}
//constructor of the Frame class
Public MyFrames
{
//Register the Listener for the window
super(“Illustration For Inner or Nested Classes”);
//creating an object of inner class
MyWindowListener wlisten = new MyWindowListener();
addWindowListener(wlisten);
setVisible(true);
setSize(100,100);
}
}
The above example code declares an object of the inner class in the constructor of an outer class. To create an object of the inner class from an unrelated class, you can use the new operator as if it were a member of the outer class.

Example:5
MyFrame frame = new MyFrame(“Title”);
Frame.MyWindowsListener listen = new MyFrame().MyWindowListener();
You can create a class inside a method. The methods of the inner class can have access to the variables define in the method containing them. Inner class must be declared after the declaration of the variables of the method so those variables are accessible to the inner class.

Now that we have seen elaborately on Java’s Event-Handling and Adapter Classes and Inner Classes let us play with a few examples to help you understand better and see if we got a feel of everything we learned today. Don’t panic we take it each step at a time.

 
 
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