Changing the Default Template
If you would like to change the view or template used by your default Joomla installation, for example, follow the procedure below:
1. Login as administrator (http://localhost/joomla/administrator).
2. Go to Extensions –> Template Manager.
3. Joomla (version 1.5 as of August 2010) currently has three available built-in templates from which to choose (beez, JA_Purity and rhuk_milkyway). Select the radio button of any templates you would like test. After that, click “Default.”
4. When you see a star beside that template, it is the currently active template used by your Joomla website. Example:
In the screen shot above, the currently installed template is JA_Purity.
6. Now go to your Joomla website, namely http://localhost/joomla, and you will notice that your website's template has changed.
Uploading a New Template
It is also possible that you have your own template, which you have uploaded into your website's Joomla template directory. In this tutorial, you will only be dealing with open source Joomla templates. Once you are familiar with open source templates, though, you might want to buy commercially-based Joomla templates.
Below are the steps that you should take if you are looking to install a new open source (free) Joomla template into your website.
Step 1. Go to this website: http://www.bestofjoomla.com/component/option,com_bestoftemplate/Itemid,46/
Note that you can find a lot of sites on the Internet that offer free Joomla templates. The above link will be used as an example.
Step 2. In the Advanced filter (right column portion of the website), click “GNU GPL” under “Licenses” and “Joomla 1.5 Native” under “Compatibility.” Leave everything else at their default settings.
Step 3. Click “Apply.”
Joomla 1.5 Native templates work for the current version of Joomla.
Step 4. For the purpose of illustration, let's use this template.
Click the “Download” button, follow the rest of the procedure and the template will be downloaded to your Ubuntu Download folder.
The downloaded file will be a zip archive.
Step 5. Right click on the zip file and click “Extract Here.” In the extracted folder, find vj_anelco.zip. This contains the final template files that you will need to upload to your Joomla template directory.
Copy this zip file to your Desktop.
Step 6. Log in as a Joomla administrator.
Step 7. Go to Extensions –> Install/Uninstall.
Step 8. Under FTP Login Details, enter your username and password.
Step 9. Under “Upload Package File,” browse to your Ubuntu Desktop where the template zip file has been placed. The path example will be like this:
Do not do anything to “Install from Directory” and “Install from URL.”
Step 10. Click “Upload File & Install.”
Step 11. If you see the “Install Template Success” message, then the template file has been installed in Joomla without any problems. You can double check it under Extensions –> Template Manager, where you should see a new template called “vj_anelco” installed.
When you deactivate or uninstall a template, just follow the simple procedure below:
Step 1. Go to Extensions –> Template Manager, change the current template to another one (beez, for example).
Step 2. Now that the current template is inactive, you can safely uninstall it by going to Extensions –> Install/Uninstall –> click on “Templates” tab. Click the radio button of the template you would like to remove and hit “Uninstall.”
Activating the Newly Uploaded Joomla Template
To test the newly installed template, let's activate the template "vj_anelco" in Template Manager. Now go to http://localhost/joomla. Your Joomla website should look like the screen shot below.
As you can see, even though you are now using the desired template, there is still a lot of work to be done to this website. Below is the web development checklist that will help you to make this website as complete and ready as possible:
The current URL is not recommended, as it appears complex and not friendly to both users and search engines (e.g http://localhost/joomla/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=44:joomla-security-strike-team&catid=1:latest-news&Itemid=50 )
These checklists will be discussed in the upcoming Joomla web development tutorials in Ubuntu.
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